Effective instruction results from good curriculum design, good management techniques and good instructional strategies. Robert J. Marzano is well-known for his Nine High Yield Instructional Strategies. These nine strategies are Identifying Similarities and Differences, Summarizing and Notetaking, Reinforcing effort and providing recognition, Homework and practice, Nonlinguistic representation, Cooperative Learning, Setting objectives and providing feedback, Generating and testing hypothesis and Questions, Cues, and advance organizers.
Previously, we discussed graphic organizers and how they can be used by students. These organizers along with cueing and questioning all help students when learning new material. In a class discussion, teachers can give “hints”. This cues the student about what was previously discussed or what will be discussed. Also, deeper questioning that requires critical thinking results in a deeper understanding of the math topic.
Big Ideas Math has incorporated these strategies into its program. Each chapter features a different type of organizer. Laurie’s Notes in the Teacher’s Edition is a great place for teachers to find cueing questions as well as ways to take a topic deeper. Also, each homework section is full of rich, deep problem that get the students thinking.
This strategy along with the eight others lead to an effective classroom. In the future, we will discuss one of the remaining strategies. Meanwhile, try cueing and questioning and have students use a graphic organizer.